E/LFT (Liver Electrolyte Function Test)

Your liver metabolises carbohydrates, proteins and fats, processes bodily toxins, hormones, drugs and alcohol, filters environmental toxins and chemicals, stores vitamins and minerals, activated vitamin D and produces bile and enzymes. This liver function test examines enzymes and other markers for evidence of damage to your liver cells or a blockage near your liver which can impair its function.

Bilirubin

Bilirubin testing is used to determine and monitor mild liver disorders or haemolytic anaemia

 

ALP

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme found mainly in the liver and bones. High levels can indicate liver disease but also other diseases. High ALP would indicate the need to do ALP isoenzyme types and other investigations. Low ALP can indicate zinc deficiency.

 

AST

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is an enzyme produced mainly in the liver, heart, skeletal muscles, kidneys and lungs. High levels would indicate damage to the liver through alcohol, drugs or hepatitis but can also indicate damage or problems of a cardiovascular nature. AST will raise due to severe cellular damage, increasing in 12 hours and remaining elevated for 5 days.

 

ALT

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme mainly produced by the liver and is a good indicator f liver damage caused by alcohol, drugs or hepatitis. This enzyme takes longer to normalise once it has been raised.

 

GGT

Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) is a liver enzyme used to determine alcohol abuse as it generally raised in long term alcohol usage or biliary tree obstruction (gallbladder, pancreatic, or common bile duct).

 

Albumin

Is a protein which prevents fluid from leaking out of blood vessels, It also nourished tissues and carries around hormones, vitamins, minerals, and drugs. Albumin is produced in the liver and is sensitive to liver damage. Low levels can indicate low hydrochloric acid in the gut, malnutrition or liver dysfunction or high oxidative stress from increased free radical activity. High levels generally indicate dehydration.

 

Total Protein

Total protein refers to total albumin plus total globulin. This test can be used to assess malnutrition, digestive dysfunction or liver dysfunction. Generally it will be raised in dehydration and lowered in hypochlorhydria (low hydrochloric acid in the stomach), malnutrition, digestive dysfunction or inflammation, liver dysfunction or vitamin C deficiency.