Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose molecules to be used inside cells for energy. To get glucose into the cells we need insulin. Blood sugar problems occur when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin (type 2 diabetes) or the cells ignore insulin (syndrome X) and glucose builds up in the body and eventually leads to problems with the heart, kidneys, eyes, nerves and blood vessels.
Increased fasting glucose means that your body is not processing glucose effectively.
Hemoglobin 1AC (H1AC)
This test is used to detect the amount of HB1AC in the blood of diabetics which assists in the detection of how well blood sugar levels have been maintained over the past 2 or 3 months. The amount of glycohemoglobin formed is in direct proportion to the amount of glucose present in the blood stream during the 120-day cycle of the red blood cell. Keeping this low is important to prevent long term complications from diabetes.